Summary: Teachers and Students
in Collectivist vs. Individualist Societies
The direct source of this chart is Li Qing, whose presentation
is listed in the References. Li
Qing drew on two other sources also listed in the references:
H. Douglas Brown and Geerte Hofstede.
In this chart, Li Qing was attempting
to generalize about a large number of societies that social
scientists label “individualist” and “collectivist.” Certainly
there will be exceptions and qualifications, particularly in
China, a huge country that is undergoing huge changes. Readers
should not expect every idea in this chart to reflect the current
reality in all parts of China or any other place. Even so,
the chart helps convey some important contrasts.